Google began in 1996 as a research project by Stanford University students Sergey Brin and Larry Page. The current logo is based on the Catull typeface by Gustav Jaeger and was designed by fellow Stanford University alum Ruth Kedar
Google’s original name was BackRub.
There were 3 different logos before the current one.
Google is a play on the word googol, a mathematical term for the number represented by the numeral 1 followed by 100 zeros. The use of the term reflects Google’s mission to organize a seemingly infinite amount of information on the web.
Google often makes special modifications, known as Google Doodles, to its logo, commemorating birthdays of well-known persons such as Leonardo Di Vinci, Albert Einstein, and Edward Munch; holidays such as Christmas, the 4th of July, and Mother’s Day; and specific events such as The Olympics, World Cup etc. Google Doodles were first created by the founders of the company in 1999. The doodles are currently designed by Dennis Hwang who has created over 150 doodles since the year 2000.